How big is crypto? Comparing the market to traditional asset classes
Crypto market size vs precious metals, real estate, equities, GDPs, public debt, student debt, etc.
2021 was a record-breaking year for crypto, with the global market cap surpassing $2 trillion for the first time.
NGRAVE put this milestone in a wider context and explored how big the crypto market is relative to other more traditional asset classes.
To assess the significance of the industry’s total market cap, the crypto security provider compared it to the value of other global industries.
Compared to precious metals, real estate, and equities
Currently, gold has a market cap of $11.4 trillion, making it around five times the size of the crypto market and 13 times the size of Bitcoin, also referred to as ‘digital gold.’
“In 2021, $10 billion has been pulled from gold funds as BTC posted new ATHs amid rampant money-printing,” noted NGRAVE, pointing to competition between the two, as Bitcoin grew to represent a sound ‘safe-haven’ asset.
However, when compared to the size of the global silver market, which stands at $1.28 trillion–the crypto market cap is almost double the size.
“The most significant store of wealth known to man”–the world’s real estate market is thought to be roughly four times as much as global GDP, eyeballed at around $340 trillion–at least 160 times the size of crypto’s market cap.
While set against the $122 trillion global equity market, crypto is still minute. However, the crypto market cap is more comparable to the EU equities market which stands at $14 trillion, or even the US equity market, which is valued at $50 trillion.
Compared to GDPs, public debt, and student debt
In the case of Gross Domestic Product (the value of all goods and services produced within a country), the crypto market compares well.
In fact, it would rank within the top ten–somewhere between France ($2.63 trillion) and Italy ($1.889 trillion).
The countries far in front are Japan ($5.058 trillion), China ($14.723 trillion), and the US ($20.894 trillion). Meanwhile, Bitcoin alone would make it to the top 20.
Global debt levels are at a record high of $226 trillion, and way out of reach, however, compared to the national debt, the crypto market cap is not far from UK, which stands at $2.97 trillion.
It’s also in the ballpark of US budget deficit for 2021 ($2.77 trillion) and US student debt burden ($1.7 trillion).
Compared to global industries and top stocks
NGRAVE estimated the total value of the crypto industry, which features many companies that are not directly concerned with cryptocurrency issuance–including hardware wallets, marketing and media agencies, mining firms, blockchain startups, payment networks, crypto-focused venture capital funds, etc.–at somewhere between $2.35 and $2.9 trillion.
When compared to other global industries, crypto made it to last year’s top 10–pushing out the telecommunications industry ($1.74 trillion).
While it nears automobile manufacturing ($3 trillion), the crypto industry still lags behind oil and gas exploration and production ($4.6 trillion), and food ($5 trillion).
Meanwhile, the global financial services industry is still far out of reach, sitting at the very top, with a market value of $22.5 trillion.
Finally, when put against the world’s best-performing stocks–the world’s biggest tech giants–the crypto market cap is very close in valuation.
The world’s most valuable publicly-traded company, Apple ($2.98 trillion), is followed by Microsoft ($2.51trillion), while Alphabet ranks third, with a market cap inching $2 trillion.
However, NGRAVE pointed out that Bitcoin reached a $1 trillion market cap much faster than those top dogs. Concretely, it took Bitcoin only 12 years, half as much time it took Amazon, to reach the milestone.